Scottish TartanThe word 'tartan' originates from the French 'tartaine' which referred to as type of cloth. A more accurate word would be the Gaelic 'breacan', which derives from the word for chequered. The origin of the idea of individual clan tartans has become somewhat clouded over time, dubious manuscripts have been passed off as historical records and the majority of tartan setts were originated in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
After the battle of Culloden the wearing of any form of highland dress was proscribed. This act was repealed a few years later, and manufacture began to revive, this revival was accelerated by Sir Walter Scott's 'pageant' of tartan to celebrate George IV's visit in 1822.