Royal Stewart Descendents Alive and Well

The Seal of Robert II, King of Scots. 1316-1390

The Seal of Robert II, King of Scots. 1316-1390

Half of all men in the United Kingdom with the surname Stewart, or Stuart, can claim ancestry from Scotland’s Royal family. Research released by ScotlandsDNA has revealed for the first time the individual in the 13th century who founded a branch of the Royal Stewart line.

In the United Kingdom alone there are about 70,000 people with the surname, meaning that around 17,5000 men can now claim descent from the royal bloodline. The source of the line is Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll, who met his demise at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298 fighting alongside William Wallace. The Stewart family’s well-documented pedigree allowed ScotlandsDNA to carry out tests on his descendants, and those of his brother James, the 5th High Steward of Scotland and the grandfather of Robert II, the first Stewart king.

Dr Jim Wilson, the group’s chief scientist, discovered a marker that originated more than 700 years ago when ancestry tests were carried out on the descendants of  James and Sir John’s sons Richard and Angus. The results show that that the modern descendants of both sons of Sir John carry a Y chromosome marker S781+ that is absent in the descendants of James.

Dr Wilson added: “By a straightforward process of deduction that means that the marker arose in Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll, and not in his father. If it had, the descendants of James would also carry it, and they do not.” Having made the discovery, ScotlandsDNA checked its database of ancestry tests for men with the Stewart surname and found that 20 per cent of them share Sir John’s lineage, while 30 per cent are descended from his brother James.

James’s son Walter, married Marjorie Bruce, the daughter of Robert I, having helped him win the great victory at Bannockburn, and their son became Robert II.

Alistair Moffat, co-founder of ScotlandsDNA, added: “In the year of the 700th anniversary of Bannockburn, thousands of Scottish men can claim to be directly descended from the Stewarts who fought alongside Bruce, and they can directly identify with generations of famous figures who shaped Scotland and Britain.” The Duke of Buccleuch, Scotland’s biggest private landowner, who is directly descended from Sir John, and a long line of Scottish and British kings, said he was fascinated by the DNA detective work.

He added: “My family’s history has always been closely involved with the history of Scotland and Britain, but the fact that the rise of a DNA marker has been identified in an individual brings the past even closer, and makes it more personal.

“I am delighted to have been a guinea pig for the sort of history it is now possible to write thanks to DNA research.” The sampling has also, for the first time, distinguished clearly between different cadet branches of the royal Stewarts.

The four branches are the Appin Stewarts who fought at Culloden, the Lennox Stewarts who were direct ancestors of James VI and I, and the Albany and Moray Stewarts who acted as regents.

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37 thoughts on “Royal Stewart Descendents Alive and Well

  1. Joyce Stuart (Hyman)

    Our Stuart family came from
    St. Stephens NB Canada and before that we think Ulster would be fun to connect

    Reply
  2. James Lawrence Stuart

    Hello,
    I’m in search of my family history line, that my grandmother started, but was unable to finish before her death. She stopped at Stuart/Heysworth of Scotland and William Stewart/ Sarah Wright of Dewsbury moor 1776

    Any suggestion would be greatly appreciated.
    Best regards
    James

    Reply
    • Anna Jones

      Recent searching led me to finding out that Mary Stewart’. Mary Queen of Scots is my 5th great grand mother. I am from Pittsburgh Pennsylvania. USA. This is very interesting.

      Reply
      • Regina

        I believe Mary was my cousin. My 12th great grandfather was James Stewart, Earl of Buchan. My ggg grandma was Elizabeth Betty Stuart. She married John Slavin. They are the first of my relatives in America. I traced back to Mary through them. Some fascinating stuff!

        Reply
  3. Anita Marlene Metzler/Pogen

    My Grandmother a Stewart was brought to McKeesport,Pa.by the Menzies to watch their children.She said she was related to Mary Queen of Scots.She married my Grandfather,Henry Metzler.She told me there was too much fighting in Scotland.She was divorced later and married Thomas Bourne from Eng.

    Reply
  4. Luke Stewart

    I’m from Santa Clara, California, USA, just south of San Francisco. My family descends fairly directly from the Stewarts of Appin, but we’re pretty diluted with Swedes and Germans. This is the part of my history I’m most proud of,though.

    Reply
    • Gerard Stewart Shields

      I believe that my line is Stewarts of Appin too. I’m still tracing the line.

      Reply
  5. Graeme Stuart Cleaver

    Hi all. My mother was Eva Stuart daughter of William Stuart son of Charles Stuart who came to New Zealand from Waterdown, Wentworth County, Ontario, Canada. i have book passed onto me that was presented to Henry Stuart by the Board of School Trustees Waterdown on December the 22nd 1870.
    Looking to gather more family info.

    Cheers
    Graeme

    Reply
    • Michelle Erskine

      Hi
      I am researching my family tree and Sir William Erskine who married Beatrix Stewart was my 17th great grandfather : )
      Do you have any information about the De Carnys side of things as they seem to have had a son….Vicar William Of Carnys Of Glammys (Glamis). I stumbled across it on a couple of family tree sites. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
      Michelle Erskine
      Nelson
      New Zealand

      Reply
    • Gord K.

      Lady Elizabeth Stuart Bruce of Rosyth married to John Bruce 5th Baron of Clackmannan was the sister of Sir David Stuart Earl of Rosyth who had a great grand daughter lady Christian who was Lady Diana (Princess of Wales)’s 14th x’s great grand mother, is my gf’s 19 th great grand mother, so they are something like 15 th cousins. What is that, I am wondering, Royal or merely Noble, Stewart (or Stuart) line? Does any one have any idea? I am scots descent and now so is she because my heritage web site helped her make the connection.

      Reply
  6. William stewart

    We can’t figure out witch exact branch of the stewart clan I’m from I can’t seem to get to Scotland on my family tree I’m stuck in America

    Reply
    • Airemiss Stewart

      Hi! I, too, am stuck in America. My great great grandfather was John Stewart, married to Amanda Collum. They clearly came to America from either Canada or Scotland directly, but I cant find much documentation.
      Good luck on your search!

      Reply
  7. Tammy Stewart

    My Stewart’s come from Nova Scotia Canada. Hit a dead end on Ancestry.com with my paternal Grandfather William A Stewart. Would love to know if and what clan we came from.

    Reply
    • Martha Stewart Fay

      I, too, am a direct descendant of Mary Stewart, Queen of Scots. My grandfather was Walter Alan Stewart, his father was Charles Edward Stewart. Charles Edward’s father was a Walter Alan, and his father was a Charles Edward, and I believe to be called the Bonnie Charles. I am unclear as to where Charles the Bruce fits in, but I’ve heard this name mentioned within my family, when discussing our heritage. I would love to be able to trace my lineage back, directly, but seem to be stuck. My great grandfather, Charles Edward, went from Scotland to Ontario, Canada, and from there, moved to Canandaigua, NY. Does anyone have any suggestions, on how to trace backwards, from Ontario to Scotland, to my family’s origin?
      Martha Stewart

      Reply
  8. Adam Stewart

    Proud Aussie with Scottish heritage descendant of Adam Thompson Stewart MC son of John Stewart journeyman boilermaker. I believe our family was Royal Stewart clan any info or any distant relatives contact me give us a shout out.

    Reply
  9. William T Stewart

    Hi Tammy,
    My clan came from Perth Scotland and immigrated into Glengarry Ontario Canada. From there they came to the US and homesteaded in what is now Bottineau North Dakota. Not sure if we are part of the same clan or not but thought I would touch base just in case. My grandfather (William Ezra Stewart) was born in 1888.
    William (Terry) Stewart
    Bozeman MT

    Reply
  10. Richard Stewart

    I was told as a youngster that my 8th great grandma was Mary the Queen of Scots. Just reaching out from Utah, USA to say hi to all possible relatives out there! Please feel free to contact me.

    Richard Stewart, PhD (abd), MSEd
    Social_Dragonfly65@hotmail.com

    Reply
  11. Dianne Stewart Richardson

    My gr gr grandfather Peter Stewart came from Perth to Ontario then settled at Drayron N.D. I am also connected to the Stewart’s at Bottineau N.D. Have been able to trace back to John Stewart , his father James then hit a dead end .

    Reply
    • Laura J Thompson (Robinson)

      Part of my “clan” also came from Perth in the mid 1800’s and settled in Scottsville, NY. I was also told that we are related to Mary Queen of Scots. My great grandmother’s name was Sarah Jane Smith…she married John Warren once she came to the states. It’s just interesting that a few of us here are mentioning Perth.

      Reply
  12. Jerome Stueart

    Then there are us wily Stuearts who seem to mix things up a bit. I wonder where our DNA would fall. Too bad there isn’t a link to check your DNA for that Scottish marker.

    Reply
    • Martha Stewart Fay

      That’s a great idea! Does anyone have the link for checking DNA for Scottish marker, that they could share?

      Reply
  13. Frank

    My grand mother was a Stewart from Dundee and her father my g/grandfather was aStewart from flesh vennal lane Perth before that Mc kenzies /kinloch/Robinson the list goes on i live in New Zealand now but have great family roots in Scotland

    Reply
  14. Jane Green

    Looking for history on on Clarence Wayne Stewart who resided in starke Florida and who also had a twin brother who died at birth if you have any info please email

    Reply
  15. James E Stewart

    My particular branch of stewart was imported directly from Scotland as POW and we’re kept as indentured servants for 8 to 10 years I believe. Lots of stewarts buried in oatmeal, texas. My dad has done quite a bit of research on ancestry.com.

    Reply
  16. Ray

    There are also Stewarts/Stuarts from Poland. The Scots started to settle in Poland since the mid 15th century. Several from this family line resided in Poznan and grew into a rather large family. Many of them assimilated into the local Polish population. With so many people doing the Y-DNA and mtDNA test we are finding out more and more about this family line that seemed to have spread out across the world. It was hard to believe at first that some of my ancestors that were supposed to be Polish ended up being Scottish.Thanks to DNA at least I know the truth.

    Reply
    • Susan Renee Laskowska Mason

      This is my family line and my great grandfather immigrated from Poland. I have difficulty with registrations because I have Eastern European and I know something was said about them going back to get records but Moscow Uprising and Nazi Germany happened so my family was not able to learn. This line it comes from the Derby family and it married a Laskowski and also Jackson (USA)

      Reply
  17. John e adkins

    My mother was a Stewart. Whave our line traced back to a dr. John Stewart that came from Scotland in 1687 and landed in long island ny. I would love to know where I could pick up the line over there

    Reply
  18. Lyndsay

    The rumor in my family was that we were related to Mary Queen of Scots. Being skeptical of this my whole life, I started researching and discovered we’re not related directly to Mary at all. In fact, we pre-date Mary. I traced our lineage all the way back to Robert II. I’ve convinced my brother to take the Big Y DNA test to be certain. What clan would we be? I noticed the Stewart’s of Fife use Robert II’s coat of arms. Are they descendants of Robert II?

    Reply
  19. Matthew A Stewart

    I wish someone could help me on finding my family back ground my grandfather David robert stewart died 2003 only child to Robert David Stewart his father who also died very young in Minnesota only thing i have of my great grandfather is a pin where he worked wich says on pin
    “Origin 1867” United shoe union of america. Affiliated with C.1.0.. please any help would very much be appreciated

    Reply
  20. Eric Cash

    I would love to meet some of my cousins from across the pond. I am a descendant of Henry the 7th 8th and of course Mary Queen of Scots.My grandmother and grandfather almost went back to England when my father was still but a child. They inherited Estates in Scotland and England but sadly the upkeep on the Estates would have been a great deal of money. The states were then transferred into the next of line. My grandmother’s name was Kathleen Dewlaney. If anyone from the family is interested in contacting me I am Eric cash of Jackson Ohio should be easy to find me on Facebook

    Reply
  21. Bruce Charles Stewart Uebergang

    I hope this is helpDescendants of Robert Bruce

    1. ROBERT BRUCE, (son of ROBERT (the SIXTH) BRUCE and ISABEL de CLARE) occupation ROBERT BRUCE the 7th and EARL of CARRICK, d. 1305, SCOTLAND.

    Robert Bruce was the seventh in succession of “Robert Bruce” and the Earl of Carrick by right of his wife, Marjory, daughter of Nigel, Earl of Carrick.

    He married MARJORY, (daughter of NIGEL and MARGARET STEWART).

    Children:

    2. i ROBERT the BRUCE b. 1274.

    ii EDWARD BRUCE, occupation KING OF IRELAND.

    Edward Bruce was King of Ireland.

    Second Generation

    2. ROBERT the BRUCE, b. 1274, SCOTLAND, occupation KING OF SCOTLAND(1306-29), d. 1329, SCOTLAND.

    Robert the Bruce was the great champion of Scottish independence. He waged a long and uncertain war against Edward I, perhaps the greatest King of England, who almost succeeded in making Scotland a fief of England. Then Independence of Scotland and the title of “Bruce” to the throne were firmly established by the crushing defeat of Edward II at the battle of Bannockburn in 1314. The great place of Robert the Bruce in Scottish history is fully attested by the writings of standard historians and his fame is immortalized in literature. Robert the Bruce was married twice. His first wife was Isabella of Mar, by whom had only one daughter, Marjory, who later married Walter Stewart, the sixth holder of the hereditary title of High Steward of Scotland. His son by his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh, was David Bruce who succeeded his father to the throne.

    He married (1) ISABELLA of MAR, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of DONALD EARL of MAR and HELEN of LEWELLYN) occupation QUEEN, d. SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    3. i MARJORY BRUCE b. CIRCA 1297.

    He married (2) ELIZABETH de BURGH, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of RICHARD de BURGH and UNKNOWN) occupation QUEEN, d. SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    ii DAVID BRUCE, b. 1324, SCOTLAND, occupation KING OF SCOTLAND(1329-71), d. 1371, SCOTLAND.

    He married (1) JOAN OF THE TOWER, 1328, in SCOTLAND, b. ENGLAND, occupation QUEEN, d. 1362, SCOTLAND.

    He married (2) MARGARET LOGIE, 1363, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, occupation QUEEN, d. SCOTLAND.

    Third Generation

    3. MARJORY BRUCE, b. CIRCA 1297, DUNDONALD, KYLE AYRSHIRE,SCOTLAND, d. 2 Mar 1316, SCOTLAND, buried: 1316, ABBEY of PAISLEY, SCOTLAND.

    Margery was the daughter of Robert I “the Bruce” King of Scotland from his marriage to Isabella of Mar. Margery married Sir Walter Stewart who was a young knight and sixth family holder of the High Steward of Scotland. This marriage produced a son Robert Stewart who was to later become Robert II, King of Scotland (1371-90). Robert’s birth was considered something of a miracle since he was delivered by caesarian section from his mother’s body who died after a fall from her horse. (source:Kings and Queens of Scotland).

    She married WALTER STEWART, 1315, in SCOTLAND, b. 1293, DUNDAONALD, KYLE, AYRSHIRE,SCOTLAND, (son of JAMES STEWART and UNKNOWN) occupation HIGH STEWARD OF SCOTLAND, d. 9 Apr 1326, BATHGATE CASTLE, W. LOTHIAN, SCOTLAND.

    WALTER: The first recorded ancestor of the Stewarts was nobly born Breton named Alan, who was a “daipifer” or steward to the Count of Dol in the late eleventh century. Alan the “dapifer” had a son named Flaad who sought advancement in Britain, where he had land on the Welsh Marshes in the reign of Henry I. Flaad’s grandson Walter won the favor of David I, who granted him the barony

    of Renfrew and appointed him High Steward of Scotland. The office became hereditary and hence the Stewart name. Walter was the sixth holder of title.

    Children:

    4. i ROBERT STEWART II b. Mar-1316.

    Fourth Generation

    4. ROBERT STEWART II, b. Mar-1316, PAISLEY, RENFREWSHIRE, SCOTLAND, occupation KING OF SCOTLAND, d. 14 Aug 1390, CASTLE of DUNDONALD, AYRSHIRE, SCOTLAND, buried: 1390, SCONE ABBEY, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    When Robert II came to throne, a fourteen years’ truce with England still had twelve years to run, though unofficial warfare on the border continued with England. Full scale war broke out in 1385 as a by-product of the Hundred Years’ War between England and France. Scotland became involved through assistance to France. Throughout this period Robert II was ever weak in his control of the state. In 1384 he appointed his heir John, Earl of Carrick, to enforce authority on his behalf.

    He married (1) ELIZABETH MURE, CIRCA 1336, in SCOTLAND, b. 1330, ROWALLAN, SCOTLAND, (daughter of SIR ADAM MURE of ROWALLAN and UNKNOWN) occupation QUEEN, d. CIRCA 1355, SCOTLAND.

    ELIZABETH: Elizabeth was Robert II’s first wife, to whom he was related within the “forbidden degrees” of kinship. This required a papal dispensation to have their marriage and heirs recognized by the church and state. Robert II and Elizabeth may not have at first known of this requirement, for it was some years after the birth of their children that they applied for dispensation. This became a growing concern of Robert II’s second family and heirs from his marriage to Euphemia of Ross following Elizabeth’s death.

    Children:

    5. i JOHN STEWART b. 1337.

    6. ii ROBERT STEWART b. CIRCA 1339.

    iii WALTER STEWART, b. CIRCA 1340, SCOTLAND, d. SCOTLAND.

    iv MARGARET STEWART, b. CIRCA 1342, SCOTLAND, d. CIRCA 1410, SCOTLAND.

    She married JOHN de YLE, in SCOTLAND, occupation 7th LORD OF THE ISLES.

    v ELIZABETH STEWART, b. 1343, SCOTLAND, d. CIRCA 1389, SCOTLAND.

    She married THOMAS HAY, 7 Nov 1376, in SCOTLAND, occupation EARL of ERROL.

    vi MARJORIE STEWART, b. CIRCA 1344, SCOTLAND, d. 13 Oct 1413, SCOTLAND.

    She married (1) JOHN DUNBAR, 11 Jul 1371, in SCOTLAND, occupation 2nd SON OF EARL of MARCH.

    She married (2) ALEXANDER KEITH, CIRCA 1391-1403, in SCOTLAND.

    7. vii ALEXANDER STEWART b. CIRCA 1345.

    viii JANE STEWART, b. CIRCA 1350, SCOTLAND, d. 4 Nov 1382, SCOTLAND.

    She married JOHN LYON, 1376, in SCOTLAND.

    ix CATHERINE STEWART, b. CIRCA 1362, DUNDONALD, SCOTLAND.

    She married DAVID LINDSAY, in SCOTLAND, b. 1359, GLENESK, SCOTLAND, occupation LORD CRAWFORD.

    He married (2) EUPHEMIA (of ROSS) LESLIE, 2 May 1355, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of HUGH EARL OF ROSS and UNKNOWN) occupation QUEEN, d. 1387, SCOTLAND.

    EUPHEMIA: Robert II married Euphemia following papal dispensation on 2 May 1355. Euphemia was the widow of John Randolph, Earl of Moray.

    Children:

    8. x DAVID STEWART b. CIRCA 1356.

    xi WALTER STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, occupation EARL OF ATHOLL, d. SCOTLAND.

    Walter was Earl of Caithness, on resignation of his niece Euphemia in 1390 and created Earl of Atholl in 1409.

    He married MARGARET de BARCLAY, 19 Oct 1378, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of DAVID de BARCLAY).

    MARGARET:.

    xii ELIZABETH STEWART, b. CIRCA 1362, SCOTLAND.

    She married DAVID LINDSAY, 22 Feb 1374, in SCOTLAND.

    xiii EDIGIA STEWART, b. CIRCA 1362, SCOTLAND.

    She married WILLIAM DOUGLAS, 1387, in SCOTLAND.

    Fifth Generation

    5. JOHN STEWART, b. 1337, SCOTLAND, occupation KING OF SCOTS (1390-1401), d. 4 Apr 1406, DUNDONALD, AYRSHIRC, SCOTLAND.

    John, Earl of Carrick, moved to the throne as Robert III. Robert III was considered a weak ruler. He delegated much of his authority to his brother, Robert, Earl of Fife (later Duke of Albany and Governor of Scotland). In 1393 Robert III decided to resume his responsibilities and relieved his brother of authority. In 1399 Robert III delegated his authority to his eldest son David, Duke of Rothesay. In 1401 David, who had proven himself incompetent to govern & refused to resign at his father’s request was arrested and placed in his brother Robert’s custody where he died in 1406.

    He married ANNABELLA DRUMMOND, CIRCA 1367, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of JOHN (of STOBHALL) DRUMMOND and UNKNOWN) occupation QUEEN, d. 1401, SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    i DAVID STEWART, b. 24 Oct 1378, SCOTLAND, occupation DUKE OF ROTHESAY, d. 26 Mar 1402, FALKLAND CASTLE, SCOTLAND.

    David was Steward of Scotland and Earl of Carrick. He was created Duke of Rothesay on 28 April 1398.

    ii ROBERT STEWART.

    Robert died a young infant.

    9. iii JAMES STEWART I b. 1395.

    iv MARGARET STEWART.

    She married ARCHIBALD 4TH EARL OF DOUGLAS.

    v MARY STEWART, d. 1458, SCOTLAND, buried: 1458, STRATHBLANE CHURCH, SCOTLAND.

    She married (1) GEORGE DOUGLAS, 1397, in SCOTLAND.

    GEORGE: George was Earl of Angus.

    She married (2) JAMES (of DUNURE) KENNEDY, 1404, in SCOTLAND.

    She married (3) WILLIAM 1ST LORD OF GRAHAM, 1413, in SCOTLAND.

    She married (4) WILLIAM (of DUNTREATH) EDMONSTONE, 1425, in SCOTLAND.

    vi EGIDIA STEWART.

    vii ELIZABETH STEWART.

    She married JAMES DOUGLAS.

    JAMES: James was Lord of Dalkeith.

    6. ROBERT STEWART, b. CIRCA 1339, SCOTLAND, occupation DUKE OF ALBANY, d. 3 Sep 1420, STERLING CASTLE, SCOTLAND, buried: 1420, DUNFERMLINE ABBEY, FIFE, SCOTLAND.

    Robert, Earl of Fife and later Duke of Albany and Goveror of Scotland, was a man of ruthless ambition. His brother Robert III allowed him authority to run the affairs of state until 1393 when King Robert III reassumed his royal responsibilities for the next six years. Robert III then delegated his authority to his eldest son David. In 1401 David had proven to be so incompetent Robert III had him arrested and placed in custody of his brother Robert where he died. His brother the Duke was suspected to be responsible.

    He married (1) MARGARET MURDOCK GRAHAM, 9 Sep 1361, in SCOTLAND, b. 1334, SCOTLAND, (daughter of JOHN (of ABERCORN) GRAHAM and MARY Countess of MONTEITH) occupation COUNTESS of MENTIETH, d. 1380, SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    10. i LADY MARJORY (MARGARET) STEWART b. CIRCA 1360.

    11. ii MURDOCK STEWART b. CIRCA 1362.

    iii JANET STEWART.

    Janet was betrothed on 20 July 1372 as a child to David, infant son of Sir Bartholomew de Leon and Lady Philippa Moubray, but it is doubtful if the marriage took place.

    iv MARIA STEWART.

    She married WILLIAM (of SALTOUN), d. 14 Sep 1401, SCOTLAND.

    v ISOBEL STEWART.

    She married (1) ALEXANDER LESLIE.

    ALEXANDER: Alexander was Earl of Ross.

    She married (2) WALTER (of DIRLETON) HALIBURTON.

    He married (2) MURIELLA KEITH, (daughter of WILLIAM KEITH and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    12. vi JOHN STEWART.

    vii ANDREW STEWART.

    viii ROBERT STEWART.

    Robert was Earl of Ross while living.

    ix MARJORY STEWART.

    She married DUNCAN (of LOCHAW) CAMPBELL.

    DUNCAN: Duncan was First Lord of Campbell.

    7. ALEXANDER STEWART, b. CIRCA 1345, SCOTLAND, occupation EARL of BUCHAN, d. 1 Aug 1405, SCOTLAND.

    Alexander was Earl of Buchan. He was also known as “The Wolf.”

    He married UNKNOWN.

    Children:

    i MARGARET STEWART, b. CIRCA 1373, SCOTLAND, d. CIRCA 1439, SCOTLAND.

    She married ROBERT SUTHERLAND.

    8. DAVID STEWART, b. CIRCA 1356, SCOTLAND, occupation EARL PALATINE OF STRATHEARN, d. CIRCA 1389.

    David was Earl Palatine of Strathearn and Earl of Caithness.

    He married EUPHEME LINDSAY.

    Children:

    13. i EUPHEMIA STEWART.

    Sixth Generation

    9. JAMES STEWART I, b. 1395, SCOTLAND, occupation KING OF SCOTS (1406-37), d. 20 Feb 1437, DOMINICAN PRIORY, PERTH, SCOTLAND, buried: 1437, CHURCH OF CHARTERHOUSE OF PERTH.

    From the age of eleven to the age of twenty-nine King James I had lived in England, sometimes a prisoner in the Tower and sometimes a participant in the life of the Court. In 1424 he returned to Scotland with his new Queen and set about to restore order and law in his country. Perth became his favorite place of residence. James I fell victim of a conspiracy to put Walter, Earl

    of Atholl, the younger son of Euphemia of Ross, on the throne. On 20 Feb.1437 conspirators stabbed James to death in his bedchambers. Executions followed.

    He married JOAN BEAUFORT, 1424, in SOUTHWARK CATHEDRAL, b. ENGLAND, occupation QUEEN, d. 1445, SCOTLAND, buried: 1445, CHURCH OF CHARTERHOUSE OF PERTH.

    Children:

    14. i JAMES STEWART II b. 16–Oct-1430.

    ii ALEXANDER STEWART, b. 16 Oct 1430, SCOTLAND.

    Alexander was Duke of Rothesay and died in infancy.

    iii MARGARET STEWART.

    She married LOUIS (of FRANCE) DAUPHIN, 24 Jun 1436, in SCOTLAND.

    10. LADY MARJORY (MARGARET) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1360, SCOTLAND.

    She married DUNCAN CAMPBELL of LOCHOW, b. SCOTLAND, occupation LORD OF ARGYL.

    Children:

    15. i SIR COLIN (of GLENURQUBY) CAMPBELL b. CIRCA 1382.

    11. MURDOCK STEWART, b. CIRCA 1362, SCOTLAND, occupation 2nd DUKE OF ALBANY, d. 25 May 1425, STERLING, SCOTLAND (BEHEADED), buried: 1425, CHURCH OF THE BLACK FRIARS, STERLING.

    When Robert Stewart Duke of Albany died at the age of about eighty-one, his son Murdock Stewart succeeded him as Governor of Scotland. His attempt at governing foundered after four years of futile misrule. In 1424 King James I, his cousin, returned to Scotland after eighteen years of imprisonment in England. Since James I’s kingship had been at risk while imprisoned in

    England, he did not intend for it to be threatened upon his return to Scotland. In 1425 he ordered Murdock & his two sons beheaded at Sterling.

    He married ISABEL of LENNOX, 17 Feb 1391, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of DUNCAN of LENNOX and HELEN CAMPBELL) occupation COUNTESS OF LENNOX, d. CIRCA 1457, buried: CIRCA 1457, INCHMIRIAH CASTLE, LOCH LOMOND, SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    i ROBERT STEWART, b. Jul 1421, SCOTLAND, occupation MASTER of FIFE.

    16. ii SIR WALTER (of LENNOX) STEWART.

    iii SIR ALEXANDER STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, d. 25 May 1425, BEHEADED AT STERLING CASTLE, SCOTLAND.

    17. iv JAMES MHOR (of ALBANY) STEWART the GROSS.

    18. v ISABELLA STEWART.

    vi DAUGHTER.

    12. JOHN STEWART.

    John was 3rd Earl of Buchan on the resignation of his father on 20 Sept 1406 and Chamberlain of Scotland soon after.

    He married ELIZABETH DOUGLAS, (daughter of ARCHIBALD 4TH EARL OF DOUGLAS and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    i MARGARET STEWART.

    She married GEORGE SETON.

    GEORGE: George was First Lord of Seton.

    13. EUPHEMIA STEWART.

    Euphemia was Countess Palantine of Strathearn and Countess of Caithness, which latter Earldom she resigned to her uncle, Walter Stewart. She married her cousin Patrick Graham of Kilpont.

    She married PATRICK (of Kilpont) GRAHAM, Dec 1406, d. Oct 1415.

    Children:

    i MALISE GRAHAM.

    He was 3rd Earl of Strathearn and was during his childhood divested of that Earldom on the pretense that it was a male fee and was created instead Earl of Mentieth on 6 Sept 1427.

    ii EUPHEMIA GRAHAM, d. CIRCA 1468-69.

    She married (1) ARCHIBALD 5TH EARL OF DOUGLAS, 1425, in SCOTLAND, d. 26 Jun 1439, SCOTLAND.

    She married (2) JAMES 1ST LORD OF HAMILTON.

    iii ELIZABETH GRAHAM.

    She married JOHN (of GLAMIS) LYON.

    Seventh Generation

    14. JAMES STEWART II, b. 16–Oct-1430, SCOTLAND, occupation KING OF SCOTS (1437-60), d. 3 Aug 1460, ROXBURGH CASTLE, SCOTLAND.

    He married MARY GUELDRES, 3 Jul 1449, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of ARNOLD GUELDRES and UNKNOWN) d. 1 Dec 1463, EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND, buried: 1463, TRIN. COLL. CHURCH, EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    i JAMES STEWART III.

    James was Duke of Rothesay and succeeded his father to the thrown as James Stewart III.

    15. SIR COLIN (of GLENURQUBY) CAMPBELL, b. CIRCA 1382, SCOTLAND, occupation 1st of GLENORCHY, d. 1478, SCOTLAND.

    Sir Colin Campbell was of the Laird of Glenurquby, Argyllshire, predecessor of Earl of Bradalbine.

    He married MARGARET (of KEIR) STERLING, b. of KEIR, SCOTLAND, (daughter of LUKE STERLING of KEIR and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    19. i MARION (MARIOTA) HELEN CAMPBELL.

    16. SIR WALTER (of LENNOX) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, d. 24 May 1425, BEHEADED AT STERLING CASTLE, SCOTLAND, buried: 1425, CASTLE OF THE BLACK FRIARS, STERLING.

    He married CAMPBELL, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    i MARIOT STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    17. JAMES MHOR (of ALBANY) STEWART the GROSS, b. SCOTLAND, occupation 1st of BALDORRAN, d. CIRCA 1451, IRELAND.

    James reacted to his father’s execution by leading an attack on Dumbarton, burning it and killing the governor of the castle, John Stewart. He fled to Ireland where he later died. He was ancestor to the Stewarts of Ardvorlich. James and Lady MacDonald were not married.

    Partner LADY MACDONALD, NOT MARRIED, in SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    i ANDREW STEWART, occupation LORD of AVONDALE.

    King James II invited Andrew, the eldest son of James, to return to Scotland and was appointed Lord Avondale in 1459.

    ii MURDOCH (of ALBANY) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    iii ARTHUR STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    20. iv JAMES (1st of BALDORRAN) STEWART the BEAG.

    v ROBERT STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    vi MATILDA STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    vii ALEXANDER STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    21. viii WALTER (of MORPHIE) STEWART b. 1440.

    18. ISABELLA STEWART.

    She married SIR WALTER BUCHANAN, in SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    i THOMAS BUCHANAN, b. SCOTLAND.

    Eighth Generation

    19. MARION (MARIOTA) HELEN CAMPBELL, b. SCOTLAND.

    She married WILLIAM (2nd of BALDORRAN) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, (son of JAMES (1st of BALDORRAN) STEWART the BEAG and ANNABEL BUCHANAN) occupation 2nd of BALDORRAN.

    WILLIAM: His full name was William of Baldorran, Balquhidder, Perthshire. William received the office of hereditary Royal Baillie of Balquhidder. It was this William and his son Walter, who held the townships listed in the Exchequer Rolls of 1488. In the portioning of Balquhidder which took place during the sixteenth century, the descendants of Sir William Stewart of Baldorran gained hereditary tacks of land.

    Children:

    22. i WALTER (4th of BALDORRAN) STEWART.

    23. ii JOHN (1st of GLENBUCKIE) STEWART b. CIRCA 1503.

    iii ANDREW (of GARTNAFUERARAN) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    20. JAMES (1st of BALDORRAN) STEWART the BEAG, b. IRELAND, occupation 2nd of BALDORRAN.

    James returned to Scotland and was accepted and granted the lands of Baldorran.

    He married ANNABEL BUCHANAN, (daughter of SIR PATRICK BUCHANAN and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    24. i WILLIAM (2nd of BALDORRAN) STEWART.

    21. WALTER (of MORPHIE) STEWART, b. 1440, SCOTLAND, occupation KNIGHT OF MORPHY, d. 1513, SCOTLAND.

    Walter was the grandfather of a later, Andrew Stewart, Second Lord Avondale in 1501. From this Andrew came three sons, Andrew Stewart, Third Lord of Avondale, later Lord Ochiltree; Henry Stewart created Lord Methven in 1528; and James Stewart of Beith, father of James, Lord Doune.

    He married ELIZABETH ARNOT, b. SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    25. i ALEXANDER STUART.

    ii JOHN STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    iii GEORGE (of JOHNSTON) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    iv MARGARET STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    Ninth Generation

    22. WALTER (4th of BALDORRAN) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, occupation 4th of BALDORRAN.

    Walter succeeded his father as Royal Baillie. Walter’s sword of that office hangs in the House of Ardvorlich. His brother, John Stewart founded the family of Stewarts of Glenbuckie in Balquhidder, who held that estate for almost three centuries.

    He married EUPHEMIA REDDOCH, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of JAMES (of CULTOBRAGGAN) REDDOCH and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    26. i JAMES (5th of BALDORRAN) STEWART.

    ii ALEXANDER STEWART, b. 1560, SCOTLAND.

    He married MARGARET DRUMMOND OF DRUMMOND ERINOCH.

    23. JOHN (1st of GLENBUCKIE) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1503, SCOTLAND, occupation 1st of GLENBUCKY.

    John Stewart founded the family of Stewarts of Glenbuckie in Balquhidder. His family held that estate for almost three centuries.

    He married BUCHANAN, (daughter of PATRICK (of MacCARTHE) BUCHANAN and UNKNOWN).

    BUCHANA: She was the daughter of Patrick Buchanan of MacCarthe, ancestor of the

    Laird of Arnprior, Ochlesy, MacCarthe, and Desclelles.

    Children:

    27. i DUNCAN (2nd of GLENBUCKIE) STEWART.

    28. ii PATRICK STEWART.

    iii ROBERT STEWART.

    24. WILLIAM (2nd of BALDORRAN) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, occupation 2nd of BALDORRAN.

    His full name was William of Baldorran, Balquhidder, Perthshire. William received the office of hereditary Royal Baillie of Balquhidder. It was this William and his son Walter, who held the townships listed in the Exchequer Rolls of 1488. In the portioning of Balquhidder which took place during the sixteenth century, the descendants of Sir William Stewart of Baldorran gained hereditary tacks of land.

    He married (1) MARION (MARIOTA) HELEN CAMPBELL, (See marriage to number 19).

    Children:

    (See marriage to number 19)

    He married (2) UNKNOWN.

    Children:

    iv JAMES (of BALQUHIDDER) STEWART.

    25. ALEXANDER STUART, b. SCOTLAND, occupation LORD of AVONDALE, d. SCOTLAND.

    He married MARGARET KENNEDY of BLAIRQUHAN, in SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    29. i ANDREW (2nd LORD of AVONDALE) STUART.

    Tenth Generation

    26. JAMES (5th of BALDORRAN) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    James sold Baldorran to the Glorat family. Some researchers have suspected, without firm proof, that the son, Patrick, born of James (5th of Baldorran) Stewart and the MacLaren daughter of Patrick MacLaren of Balquhidder, was a “handfast marriage.” This was a Celtic custom where a couple could unite for a year on a trial contract and any children being born from this contract were the responsibility of the father.

    He married (1) MacLAREN, (daughter of PATRICK (of BALQUHIDDER) MacLAREN).

    Children:

    i PATRICK STEWART.

    Patrick was given the hereditary tack of Lednascriden in the Barony of Balquhidder circa 1533 and was considered to be the founder of the Stewarts of Lednascriden.

    He married (2) STEWART, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of PATRICK STEWART and DAUGHTER to LECKY (of that ILK)).

    STEWART: She was the daughter of Patrick Stewart of Glenbuckie, Perthshire.

    Children:

    30. ii ALEXANDER (1st of ARDVORLICH) (ALASTAIR) STEWART b. CIRCA 1560.

    iii JOHN STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    John was the ancestor of the Stewarts of Annat, Ballachallan, and Craigtoun, Perthshire, Scotland. He was the progenitor of the Stewarts of Annat.

    27. DUNCAN (2nd of GLENBUCKIE) STEWART,[1] b. SCOTLAND, occupation 2nd of GLENBUCKY.

    This marriage forged a link with the old ruling house. The new marriage alliance established itself in several holdings in the district. In Robert the First Duke of Albany, later Robert II of Scotland, they shared a common ancestor with the king.

    He married MacLAREN (of AUCHLESKIN), (daughter of MacLAREN CHIEF of CLAN LABHRAN and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    31. i ALEXANDER (3rd of GLENBUCKY) STEWART b. CIRCA 1553.

    28. PATRICK STEWART.[2]

    Patrick had twelve sons who came to maturity but died before his own death.

    He married (1) DAUGHTER to LECKY (of that ILK), in SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    32. i STEWART.

    He married (2) DAUGHTER to EDMONDSTON (of BROICH), in SCOTLAND.

    29. ANDREW (2nd LORD of AVONDALE) STUART, occupation GROOM of the STOLE, d. 1548, SCOTLAND.

    Andrew served as the Groom of the Stole to King James IV (1488-1513) of Scotland. Andrew exchanged the Lordship of Evandale-Annandale for the Barony of Ochiltree and became the ancestor of the Lords of Ochiltree. By his marriage to Margaret, he created the Earl of Arran on August 10, 1503.

    He married (1) BEATRIX DRUMMOND, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of LORD JOHN DRUMMOND and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    i ANDREW (3rd LORD of AVONDALE) STUART, b. CIRCA 1500, SCOTLAND.

    Andrew inherited the title of Avondale and was also created as Lord Ochiltree.

    ii HENRY (LORD of METHVEN) STUART, b. CIRCA 1504, SCOTLAND.

    Henry was created Lord of Methven in 1528.

    33. iii JAMES (of BEITH) STUART b. CIRCA 1506.

    iv CHRISTIAN STUART, b. CIRCA 1508, SCOTLAND.

    She married JOHN BOSSWELL of AUCHINLECK, in SCOTLAND.

    v MARJORY STUART, b. CIRCA 1514, SCOTLAND.

    She married JOHN KNOX, CIRCA 1563, in SCOTLAND, b. CIRCA 1514, GIFFORD, EAST LOTHIAN, SCOTLAND.

    JOHN: John Knox, Founder of Presbyterianism:

    The following is a laudatory biography from the Encyclopedia of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America by Alfred Nevin, 1884:

    He was born in 1505 at Gifford, in East Lothian, and was educated at Haddington and St. Andrew’s. After he was created Master of Arts, he taught philosophy, most probably as a regent in one of the colleges of the University. His class became celebrated, and he was considered as equlling if not excelling, his master, in the subtleties of the dialectic art. About the same time (1530), although he had no interest [support from influencial men] but what was procured by his won merit, he was advanced to clerical orders, and ordained a priest before he reached the age fixed by the canons of the Church. At this time, the fathers of the Early Church, Jerome and Augustine, attracted his particular attention. By the writings of Jerome, he was led to the Scriptures as the only pure fountain of divine truth [revelation] and to believe the utility of studying scripture in their original languages instead of Latin in the opposite to those taught in the Romish Church, who while she retained his name as a saint in her calendar, had banished his doctine as heretical. From this time Knox renounced the study of Scholastic Theology.

    Knox first betrayed his change of sentiment in certain lectures in the University at St. Andrew’s where his youthful and noble countryman, Patrick Hamilton, for his advocacy of the doctrines of redemption, had perished in the fire. His defection aroused the clergy to denounce him as a traitor, and deprive him of his priesthood. He escaped death only by timely flight from the vengeance of Cardinal Beaton, who had engaged his emissaries to lay hold of him. Knox found protection under Douglas, of Langniddrie, and employment as a Tutor. Knox next appears in the company of George Wishart, the Scottish schoolmaster, who, having received the doctrinces of the Reformation, began to preach them, probably about 1536. The sword which was carried before the preacher after the attembt to assassinate him in Dundee was borne by Knox. On the night when the noble martyr was arrested, at the Cardinal’s command, he ordered that the sword be taken from his zealous attendant. Knox begged for leave to follow him, but Wishart answered: “Nay, return to your bairnes” (meaning his pupils), “and God bliss you; ane is sufficient for a sacrifice.”

    The cruel martyrdom of him whom Knox revered as his spiritual father, and whom, for his endearing qualities, he cherished as a brother, made a powerful impression on the ardent soul of the Reformer. Knox himself was in constant peril from the bloody foe. We find him, after the murder of the Romanist Beaton, seeking a refuge in St. Andrew’s Castle, which the Cardinal’s slayers held as a safe resort from the persecution of the Papists. There an event befell him which had the most serious bearing supon all his future. Unitl now, Knox’s utterances in favor of Reformed doctrines had been private, consisting in Bible expositions to his pupils and his neighbors. He had never undertaken the place of public preacher, nor did he consider his office as priest enough to justify him in doing so, without a call from a Christian congregation. He received this call in the most unlooked for manner. Among the Protestants taking refuge in St. Andrew’s Castle were Sir David Lindsay, of the Mount, the poet, and the scourger of the priesthood, Henry Balnaves, one of those stout barons who lent aid, by pen and sword, to the Scotch Reformation. These men quickly recognized in Knox’s ability and skill in giving popular instruction to his pupils the germs of an energy and popular eloquence that were destined to earn him renown. They urged him to undertake the preacher’s work. Knox, distrusting his own ability, and entertaining a lofty idea of the importance of the office steadfastly declined. At length, a call to preach having been given him, in such a solemn and unexpected way as to assure him that it came from God, though he feared and trembled, he accepted the office laid upon him. On the day appointed he appeared in the pulpit, and took his text from Daniel vii, 25; “And he shall speak great words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, and think to change times and laws;” a choice which reveals directly his view of the Papacy, and the confidence with which he anticipated its overthrow. It was a memorable day in Scottish history when Knox first preached in the parish church at St. Andrew’s. Brave men held their breath as they listened to his bold and sweeping utterances. Such preaching had not been heard in Scotland for ages. “Others hewed the brances of the Papistry, but he struck at the root.” Some rejoiced and took courage, some doubted, some hoped, some feared, many were furious, but all felt that there was a new power in the world; while a few chosen spirits recognized John Knox as the ordained champion and leader of the revolution then beginning in Scotland.

    Notwithstanding the opposition Knox met with from the clergy, he every day grew bolder in the cause, until the castle of St. Andrew’s surrendered to the French, in July, 1547, when he was carried with the garrison into France, and remained a prisoner on board the galleys, until the latter end of 1549. Being then set at liberty, he passed over to England, and arriving in London, was licensed and appointed preacher, first at Berwick, and afterwards at Newcastle. In 1552 he was appointed Chaplain to Edward VI, and preached before the king at Westminster, who recommended Crnmer to give him the living of All-hallows, in London, which Knox declined, not choosing to conform to the English liturgy. On the accession of Queen Mary he went to Geneva, and next to Frankfort, where he took part with the English exiles, who apposed the use of the liturgy, but the other side prevailing. Knox returned to Geneva, and soon after went to Scotland. While engaged in the ministry, he received an invitation to return to Geneva, with which he complied, and in his absence, the bishops passed sentence of death upon him for heresy, against which he drew up an energetic appeal. In 1558 he published his treatise, entitled “The First Blast of the Trumpet against the Monstrous Regiment of Women,” chiefly aimed at the cruel government of Queen Mary, of England, and at the attempt of the Queen Regent of Scotland to rule without a parliament. In April, 1559, he would have visited England, but was prevented by the resentment felt by Elizabeth at his late treatise. He therefore proceeded directly to Scotland, where he found a persecution of the Protestants just ready to commence at Stirling.

    “His appearance at Edinburgh,” says Prof. S.J. Wilson, “as sudden and unexpected as the appearance of Elijah at Samaria, created among his enemies as great a panic as though it had been the invasion of a hostile army. Although under sentence of outlawry, and liable at any hour to be arrested and executed, Knox resolved to stand with his brethren at Stirling, and share their dangers and their fate; “by life, by death, or else by both, to glorify God.” But from this threatened danger the Lord preserved both him and them. Amidst the throes of incipient civil war, and in verification of his own prediction while a galley slave, he returned to St. Andrew’s. The archibishop peremptorily forbade his preaching in the cathedral, and threatened that in case he should dare to do so he would be shot down in the pulpit, by the soldiers. In defiance of the archibishop’s threat, and in spite of the remonstrances of his friends, he yet preached.

    The effects and results of Knox’s preaching at this time were marvelous. In the three days at St. Andrew’s–the primal See of Scotland–Popery was utterly overthrown, the Reformed worship was set up, images and pictures were torn from the churches and monasteries were demonlished. Knox’s doctirne was as fatal to Popish superstition as the fire which ran along the ground, in the plague of the hail, was fatal to the vegetable gods of Egypt. Wheresoever that doctrine went, and it ran very swiftly, Popish power and Popish idolatry, with all the paraphernalia thereof, melted before it. In less than a month after his triumphal appearance at St. Andrew’s, Knox’s voice was ringing among the rafters of St. Giles and of the Abbey Church at Edinburgh. Chosen at once as pastor of St. Giles, he entered upon his labors in that church, which his name has made historic throughout the world, and where so often “his voice, in an hour, put more life into men than six hundred trumpets could.”

    By the arrival of Queen Mary Stuart at Edinburgh (August, 1561), our Reformer was engaged in a new conflict. The young and beautiful Queen was received by her subjects with harrahs. But she brought from France a spirit steeped in the prejudices of the Romish Church, and a resolution, formed in concert with the House of Lorraine, to resote the old religion in her dominions. Knox was summoned to an interview with the Queen. She charged him, says Dr. MacCrie, “with stirring up her subjects against her, and among other things, upbraied him with sedition, by reason of his book on women’s government.” He vindicated himself from the charge of disloyalty. The conversation then turned on the nice point of popular resistance to civil power. Knox maintained that a ruler might be resisted, illustrating by the case of a father, who, through madness, tried to slay his children.

    “Now, Madame, if the children arise, join together, apprehend the father, take the sword from him, bind his hands and keep him in prison till the frenzy be over, think you, Madame, that the children do any wrong? Even so, Madame, is it with the princes that would murder the children of God that are subject unto them.”

    Dazed by the boldness of this answer, the Queen sat some time in silent stupor, and then said, “Well, then, I perceive that my subjects shall obey you, and not me, and will do what they please, and not what I command.”

    “God forbid,” replied the Reformer, ” “That ever I take upon me to command any to obey me, or to set subjects at liberty to do whatever pleases them. But my travail is that both princes and subjects may obey God. Queens should be nursing mothers to the Church.”

    “But you are not the Church that I will nourish,” said the Queen. “I will defend the Church of Rome, for it is, I think, the true Church of God.”

    “Your will, Madame, is no reason, neither doth your thought make the Roman harlot to be the true and immaculate spouse of Jesus Christ.”

    “My conscience is not so,” siad the Queen. “Conscience, Madame, requires knowledge, and I fear that right knowledge you have none.”

    “But I have both heard and read.”

    “So, Madame, did the Jews who crucified Christ. Have you heard any teach but such as the Pope and the Cardinals have allowed? You may be assured that such will speak nothing to offend their own estate.”

    “You interpret the Scriptures in one was, “said the Queen, evasively, “and they in another; whom shall I believe, and who shall be judge?”

    “You shall believe God,” replied Knox, “who plainly speaketh in his Word, above your Majesty and the most learned Papists of all Europe.” He offered to show that Papal doctrine had no foundation in God’s Word.

    “Well,” said she, “you may perchance have opportunity therefor sooner than you think.”

    “Assuredly,” said Knox, “if ever I get that in my life, I shall get it sooner than I believe, for the ignorant Papist cannot patiently reason, and the learned and crafy Papist will never come in your audience, Madame, to have the ground of his religion searched out.”

    During this interview with the Queen and her attendant lords, on being questioned concerning his contumacy, Knox answered that he preached nothing but truth, and he dared not preach less. “But,” answered one of the lords, “our commands must be obeyed, on pain of death; silence, or the gallows is the alternative.” The spirit of Knox was roused by the dastardly insinuation that any human punishment could make him desert the banner of his Saviour, and with that fearless, indescribable courage which disdains the pomp of language or of action, he firmly replied,

    “My lords, you are mistaken if you think you can intimidate me to do by threats what conscience and God tell me I never shall do, for be it known unto you that it is a matter of no importance to me, when I have finished my work, whether my bones shall bleach in the winds of heaven or rot in the bosom of the earth.” Knox having retired, one of the lords said to the Queen, “We may let him alone, for we cannot punish that man.”

    Knox was twice married. His first wife, who died in her twenty-seventh or twenty-eighth year, was Marjory Bowes, the daughter of Richard Bowes, a Captain of Norman Castle, and a scion of a family of distinction in Northumberland. His second marriage (1563) was to a lady considerably younger than himself, Margaret Stewart, daughter of Andrew Lord Stewart of Ochiltree.

    During his ministry at Edinburgh our Reformer lived not only a very laborious life, being much engrossed with the public affairs of the nascent Church and at the same time devoted to his work as a parish minister, to say nothing of his continual and perhaps in his position unavoidable controversies, more or less personal with the ecclesiastical and political factions of the day, whom he regarded as his own and his country’s enemies; but a life not without its social and family enjoyments. He had a fair stipend of four hundred merks Scots, equal to about forty-four pounds of English money of that day, and the value of which may be computed, when it is stated that the amount was considerable higher than that of the salaries of the Judges of the Sourt of Session in Scotland, and not much lower thatn those of the English Judges of the same times. Then he had a good house, which was provided and kept in repair by the municipality; a house previously occupied by the Abbot of Dunfermline. The house is still preserved, with little change, and forms a memorial, hitherto the only memorial of the great Reformer in the scene of so many of his labors. Nor was he, with all his severity of temper, a man indisposed in those days, to exchange friendly and kindly relations with his neighbors, many of whom in ever rank were among his intimate friends, or to give way, when the occasion fitted (perhaps even sometimes when it did not fit), to mirth and humor, of which, as of othe traits of his character, whi writings furnish abundant evidence.

    An interesting description of Knox’s appearance, and especially of his style as a preacher in his later years, is furnished in the Diary of James Melville Melville was at the time a student in St. Andrew’s and the period he refers to is the year 1571, when Knox, of rhis personal security, had, not for the first time in his life, taken refuge in that city. “Of all the benefits I had that year, was the coming of that most notable prophet and apostle of our nation, Mr. John Knox, to St. Andrew’s who, by the faction of the Queen occupying the castle and town of Edinburgh, was compelled to removed therefrom, with a number of the best, and chose to come to St. Andrew’s.. . . Mr. Knox would sometimes come in and repose him in our college-yards, and call us scholars unto him, and bless us, and exhort us to know God and his work in our country, and stand by the good cause; to use our time well and learn the good instructions and follow the good examble of our masters. . . He was very weak. I saw him every day of his doctrine go hulic and fear, with a furring of martriks about his neck, a staff in the one hand, and good, godly Richard Balantyne, his servant, holding up the other oxtar, from the abbey to the parish church, and by the said Richards and another servant lifted up to thepulpit, where he behoved to lean at his first entry, but as he had done with his sermon, he was so active and vigorous that he was like to ding that pulpit in blads and fly out of it.”

    John Knox died november 24th, 1572. He was buried in St. Giles Churchyard, Edinburgh, several lords attending the funeral services. By reason of changes which have since occurred, in the middle of the paved street in that city, the passerby now reads, upon a squre stone, this inscription:

    J.K.

    1572

    Beneath that spot over which now trundles the commerce of a great city, were once laid the remains of him who “never feared the face of man”

    Knox left many writings behing, some of them polimic, others practical, the majority suggested by occurrences in his life. His principal work was “History of the Reformation of Religion within the Realm of Scotland,” etc., to the fourth edition of which are appended all his other works.

    He married (2) MARGARET HAMILTON, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of JAMES HAMILTON and UNKNOWN).

    Eleventh Generation

    30. ALEXANDER (1st of ARDVORLICH) (ALASTAIR) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1560, SCOTLAND.

    Alexander acquired Ardvorlich, Perthshire, Scotland around 1580. This was an estate adjoining the eastern boundary of Balquhidder. The Stewarts of Ardvorlich still reside on the original estate. Alexander Stewart acquired Advorlich as a freeholder of the Crown. He became leader of a clan which, according to Duncan Stewart in his “History of the Stewarts”, numbered about three hundered people. Alexander and his descendants were known by the Gaelic patronymic Mac-Mhic-Bhaltair, “sons of the son of Walter”.

    Alexander Stewart acquired Advorlich in 1580 as a freeholder of the Crown. He became leader of a clan which, according to Duncan Stewart in his “History of the Stewarts”, numbered about three hundered people. Alexander and his descendants were known by the Gaelic patronymic Mac-Mhic-Bhaltair, “sons of the son of Walter”.

    This is the family that was allegedly responsible for the outlawing of the Clan MacGregor, though MacGregors today dispute the common historical record.

    The story goes like this:

    Alexander’s brother-in-law, John Drummond, who was keeper of the Royal Forest, found a group of MacGregors poaching in the forest. As punishment he cut off their ears and sent them home humiliated. The MacGregor clan rose in defence, killing Drummond and delivering his head to the dinner table of the Ardvorlich Stewarts while Alexander was away. At the sight of her brother’s severed head on her dinner table, Margaret allegedly went nuts and ran off into the woods not to be found for days. Further legend has it that she was pregnant at the time and the shock sent her into labour and she delivered James Baeg in the forest.

    In 1592 Alister Stewart of Ardvorlich led a cattle raid in Lennox with two bagpipes leading the way. Whether or not Alister is the same this Alexander (Alister is Gaelic for Alexander) is not clear. Thus it’s possible that there are two successive Alexander Stewarts of Ardvorlich (father and son) and that this person is a confusion of the two.

    He married MARGARET DRUMMOND-ERNOCH, (daughter of JOHN DRUMMOND-ERNOCH).

    MARGARET: She was the daughter of the Drummond keeper of the Royal Forest of Glenartney. Margaret was also the sister of Drummond-Enoch who was shocked by the severed head of her brother delivered to her door by the MacGregors.

    Children:

    34. i MAJOR JAMES BAEG (2nd of ARDVORLICH) STEWART b. 1589.

    ii WILLIAM STEWART, b. CIRCA 1592, SCOTLAND.

    35. iii DUNCAN STEWART b. CIRCA 1594.

    iv ISABEL STEWART.

    v JANET STEWART.

    vi JOHN STEWART.

    31. ALEXANDER (3rd of GLENBUCKY) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1553, SCOTLAND.

    Alexander married his second cousin. He sold his right and title of Glenbucky to his next older brother, Duncan Stewart.

    He married STEWART.

    Children:

    36. i PATRICK (4th of GLENBUCKY) STEWART b. CIRCA 1572.

    37. ii DUNCAN (5th of GLENBUCKY) STEWART.

    iii ROBERT (of BROICHIE) STEWART, b. LAIRD OF GLENBUCKY, BALQUHIDDER SCOTLAND.

    iv JOHN (of VOIL) STEWART, b. LAIRD OF GLENBUCKY, BALQUHIDDER SCOTLAND.

    v JAMES STEWART, b. LAIRD OF GLENBUCKY, BALQUHIDDER PARISH.

    vi WALTER STEWART, b. LAIRD OF GLENBUCKY, BALQUHIDDER PARISH.

    32. STEWART, (See marriage to number 26.)

    33. JAMES (of BEITH) STUART, b. CIRCA 1506, SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    i JAMES (LORD of DOUNE) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1530, SCOTLAND.

    Twelfth Generation

    34. MAJOR JAMES BAEG (2nd of ARDVORLICH) STEWART, b. 1589, BALDORRAN, CAMPSIE, STIRLINGSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    James Stewart was allegedly the gay lover of Lord Kilpont. Their homosexual relationship is denied by the family who describe them as just “intimate friends who shared a tent.” After a dispute of some sort, James slew Lord Kilpont with his dirk and fled, abandoning his son Harry who had been mortally wounded in battle.

    The story was made legendary in Sir Walter Scott’s book “A Legend Of Montrose”. James had been fighting under Montrose, but could not return to Montrose’s camp after slaying Kilpont, who was a friend of Montrose. So James Stewart switched sides and became a Major in the army of the Duke of Argyl. The hatred between Montrose and Argyle has been illustrated in the movie “Rob Roy”.

    James resided in both Baldorran, Stirlingshire and Lochvenacher, Callendar, Perthshire.

    Ardvorlich House : 1620 – Cattle raiding between Clans was a way of life in highland Perthshire. A Macdonald of Glencoe raiding party were successfully repulsed by the Stewarts [James] of Ardvorlich House on the south side of Loch Earn. Seven Macdonalds died and are buried near the house. The site is marked by a large stone.

    James grew up to be a man of violent and erratic temper whose escapades where such that when he died, his friends were so afraid that his enemies would commit an outrage on his body that they buried it at a place known as “Coil-a Mhor” where today there is a stone which bears the inscription, “This stone marks the place of interment of Major James Stewart, afterwards removed to the family vault of Dundurn, Died about 1680.” Dundurn is near St Fillans at the east end of Loch Earn.

    He married KATHERINE MURRAY.

    Children:

    i BARBARA STEWART.

    She married JOHN McCRUDEN III.

    38. ii ROBERT (3rd of ARDVORLICH) STEWART b. 7 Nov 1625.

    iii HENRY (HARRY) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1629, d. 1 Sep 1644, SCOTLAND.

    Henry died at the Battle of Tippermuir.

    39. iv JOHN DUH MOHR STEWART b. 14 Feb 1630-31.

    35. DUNCAN STEWART, b. CIRCA 1594, SCOTLAND.

    Duncan Stewart is the patriarch of Branches 3 & 4 of the Stewarts of Ardvoirlich according to the Factor of Atholl’s letter.

    Children:

    i ALEXANDER STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    36. PATRICK (4th of GLENBUCKY) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1572, LAIRD OF GLENBUCKY, BALQUHIDDER PARISH.

    He married CHRISTIAN DRUMMOND, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of SIR JOHN DRUMMOND of NIGANOR and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    40. i WILLIAM (1st of LEDCREICH) STEWART b. CIRCA 1600.

    ii DUNCAN STEWART, b. LAIRD OF GLENBUCKY, BALQUHIDDER SCOTLAND, d. 25 Jan 1665, LEDCREICH, BALQUHIDDER, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.[3]

    37. DUNCAN (5th of GLENBUCKY) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    Duncan was the next in succession of Glenbucky following the sale of right and title to him by his oldest brother, Patrick Stewart.

    He married (1) CAMPBELL of ARDKINGLAFS, in SCOTLAND.

    He married (2) KATHARINE Mac-GRIGOR, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND.

    KATHARINE: Katharine was the granddaughter to Dougal Keir-Mac-Grigor, ancestor to innerlochlarg and Glengyle, said to be the last Cadet of the Laird of Mac-Grigor.

    Children:

    i JOHN (6th of GLENBUCKY) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    ii WALTER STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    iii DUNCAN STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    iv PATRICK STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    v JOHN BEG STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

    vi ALEXANDER STEWART.

    Thirteenth Generation

    38. ROBERT (3rd of ARDVORLICH) STEWART, b. 7 Nov 1625, KILMADOCK, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    41. i JAMES (4th of ARDVORLICH) STEWART b. 1665.

    42. ii WILLIAM STEWART b. 1660.

    39. JOHN DUH MOHR STEWART, b. 14 Feb 1630-31, KILMADOCH, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    John was described as a “rude and boisterous man” according to the Factor of Atholl. He allegedly witnessed the murder of Lord Kilpont by his father and transmitted the true version” of the events through his descendants by a grandson who was reputed to have lived over 100 years. This grandson carried the “true” story to the House of Ardvoirlich around 1800. John Dhu Mohr’s version of the events is retold in the preface to Sir Walter Scott’s “A Legend Of Montrose”.

    John held the property of Dalveich, Lochearnside, Balquhidder Parish, Perthshire, Scotland.

    John is the patriarch of Branch 7 of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich, according to the Factor of Atholl’s letter.

    John is known to have had two sons (possibly more) Charles and Murdoch. Murdoch had no children. It is suspected that John’s line continued only through his son Charles, though the source of this information has since been lost.

    Children:

    i BARBARA STEWART, b. 6 Jan 1644-45, SCOTLAND.

    ii ALEXANDER STEWART, b. 4 Mar 1647-48, SCOTLAND.

    iii JONET STEWART, b. 5 Mar 1648, SCOTLAND.

    iv KATRING STEWART, b. 3 Dec 1649, SCOTLAND.

    43. v CHARLES STEWART b. 15 May 1651.

    vi MURDOCK STEWART, b. 17 Jun 1652, KILMADOCK, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    40. WILLIAM (1st of LEDCREICH) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1600, LAIRD OF LEDCREICH, BALQUHIDDER PARISH, d. 31 Jul 1683, LEDCREICH, BALQUHIDDER, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.[4]

    He married MARY MacGREGOR, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of DUNCAN MacGREGOR and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    44. i PATRICK (2nd of LEDCREICH) STEWART b. CIRCA 1635.

    Fourteenth Generation

    41. JAMES (4th of ARDVORLICH) STEWART, b. 1665, KILMADOCK, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    He married ELIZABETH BUCHANAN, 1682, in PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND, b. 25 May 1651, KILMADOCK, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND, (daughter of JOHN (22nd LORD of BUCHANAN) BUCHANAN).

    Children:

    i A SON, b. 9 Apr 1684, KILMADOCK, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    ii JAMES STEWART, b. 14 Mar 1684-85, KILMADOCK, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    iii JEAN STEWART, b. 5 Jul 1691, KINCARDINE NEAR DOUNE, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    iv ROBERT STEWART, b. CIRCA 1700, SCOTLAND.

    v JOHN STEWART, b. 20 Jan 1710-11, CALLANDER, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    42. WILLIAM STEWART, b. 1660, SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    45. i ROBERT (5th of ARDVORLICH) STEWART b. 1717.

    43. CHARLES STEWART, b. 15 May 1651, KILMADOCK, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    He married KATHRIN WRIGHT.

    Children:

    i JANET STEWART, b. 11 Aug 1677, SCOTLAND.

    ii JOHN STEWART, b. 15 Aug 1679, KILMADOCK, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    iii ROBERT STEWART, b. 1682, SCOTLAND.

    iv DUNCAN STEWART, b. 1688, SCOTLAND.

    v ALEXANDER STEWART, b. 1700, SCOTLAND.

    44. PATRICK (2nd of LEDCREICH) STEWART,[5] b. CIRCA 1635, LAIRD OF LEDCREICH, BALQUHIDDER PARISH.

    Patrick served as a general in the English army of Charles I, Charles II, and James II. He fought in 25 battles, besides skirmishes, and suffered much financially because of his loyalty to the royal families. He was also of Stronslane, Perthshire, Scotland.

    In the Commissariot Record of Dunblain-Register of Testaments 1539-1800 (SRO), there are three wills recorded for Ledcreich. These are: (1) Duncan Stewart; 25 Jan 1665 and 6 Jan 1666; (2) Margaret Buchanan and Patrick Stewart her husband; 22 Aug 1682; (3) William Stewart 31 Jul 1683.

    He married MARGARET BUCHANAN, in BALQUHIDDER, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of ROBERT (of DRUMLAIN) BUCHANAN and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    46. i ALEXANDER (of LEDCREICH) STEWART b. CIRCA 1676.

    Fifteenth Generation

    45. ROBERT (5th of ARDVORLICH) STEWART, b. 1717, SCOTLAND.

    He married MARGARET STEWART.

    Children:

    i JEAN STEWART, b. 8 May 1748, COMRIE, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    ii MARGARET STEWART, b. May 1750, COMRIE, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    iii CATHARINE STEWART, b. Jul 1751, COMRIE, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    47. iv WILLIAM (6th of ARDVORLICH) STEWART b. Jun 1754.

    v JEAN STEWART, b. Apr 1755, FORTINGALL, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    vi JOHN STEWART, b. Jan 1756, COMRIE, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    vii JAMES STEWART, b. Sep 1758, COMRIE, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    46. ALEXANDER (of LEDCREICH) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1676, LAIRD OF LEDCREICH, BALQUHIDDER PARISH, d. PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    Alexander was the only son of General Patrick Stewart of Ledcreich, an officer in the armies of Kings Charles I, Charles II, and James II. Alexander married a daughter of the Glenagle household, Catherine Stewart, daughter of Alexander Stewart who was the son of Duncan Stewart of Glenagle. Alexander lived in the South East district of Perthshire, Scotland and was considered a member of the Highlander clans.

    He married KATHARINE STEWART, (daughter of ALEXANDER STEWART and UNKNOWN).

    Children:

    48. i PATRICK STEWART b. 7 Feb 1697.

    49. ii WILLIAM STEWART b. CIRCA 1700.

    iii ROBERT STEWART, b. LEDCREICH,BALQUHIDDER, SCOTLAND.

    iv ALEXANDER STEWART, b. 11 Sep 1707, LEDCREICH, BALQUHIDDER, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    Sixteenth Generation

    47. WILLIAM (6th of ARDVORLICH) STEWART, b. Jun 1754, COMRIE, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

    Children:

    i ROBERT (7th of ARDVORLICH) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1780, SCOTLAND.

    48. PATRICK STEWART,[6],[7],[8] b. 7 Feb 1697, LAIRD OF LEDCREICH, PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND, occupation FARMER,[9] d. 1 May 1772, BLADEN CO., NORTH CAROLINA, buried: 1772, ST DAVID’S PARISH, CHERAW, SOUTH CAROLINA.[10]

    Patrick Stewart and his wife Elizabeth Menzies came to America from Ledcreich in Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland with six Argyllshire gentlemen and about 300 Highlanders from Scotland to Cape Fear in North Carolina, in 1739. (Note: the term “gentlemen” as used then denoted those entitled to bear arms). The group called itself the Argyll Colony because Argyll was the shire in western Scotland from which they sailed. They were the vanguard of what began as a trickle and grew into a flood of Highland emigrants to what was then Bladen County, North Carolina, later to be divided into Cumberland, Moore, Robeson, Harnett and Hoke Counties. The colony sailed from Scotland in June 1739. On 6 Juen, the customs office of Campbeltown, Argyll, cleared the “Thistle” (ship) of passengers for “Cape Fear in America.” From Cambeltown, she sailed to Gigha to take on additional passengers and join the “Charming Molly” (ship), cleared at Belfast also to carry part of the colony.

    They arrived in North Carolina in September and probably spent most of their first winter in or near Newton (soon to be renamed Wilmington) because they had not yet decided on a specific location for settlement. Earlier settlers, mostly from Pennsylvania and Jersey, had already taken up most of the river frontage along the Cape Fear as far up as the mouth of Lower Little River, some twenty miles above Cross Creek. For that reason the Argyll Colonists had to go farther upriver to find available river frontage, the preferred location because, in the absence of roads at the time, the river was the most convenient highway. On 4 and 5 June 1740, some twenty-five men with Highland names were issued patents for a total of 14,000 acres in parcels of varying sizes on both sides of the river as far up as The Forks, the confluence of the Haw and Deep Rivers which form the Cape Fear, about fifty miies above Cross Creek.

    In 1740 Patrick Stewart received land grants for 320 acres in Bladen Co., N. Carolina. In 1756 he was granted land on Harnett’s Branch, and in 1763 at Brown’s Marsh, all in Bladen County. After the Stuarts failed to re-establish themselves on the throne of England and Scotland in 1746, Patrick is said to have decided to never return to Scotland and sold his estate in Ledcriech to his brother, Robert. On January 18, 1763, he and his son, Charles, wrote down his genealogy. Patrick and his wife Elizabeth later moved following his daughter, Catherine and her husband William Little, to South Carolina at the Cheraws where he died 1772.

    The will of Patrick Stewart of St David’s Parish in the Cheraws District of North Carolina, dated 8-May-1772, divided his property among his wife, Elizabeth, son James, daughters Catherine Little and Margaret Caraway, and his grandson Charles Stewart Caraway. The executors were Catherine Little (who in 1774 married John Speed) and Alexander Gordon.

    The old written record of the Stewart ancestors which was dictated by Patrick Stewart, former Laird offul

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