Clan Douglas People
James Douglas (c. 1286-1330)
James Douglas’ father William was executed by the English at the Tower of London in 1298 for his patriotic efforts beside William Wallace. At the time of his death his son had already spent two years in Paris, safe but poor.
In 1306 he rode on a stolen horse to fight beside Robert the Bruce. He was a brilliant military strategist, running a guerrilla campaign through 1307 and 1308, relieving the English of their supplies and reclaiming his own Douglas Castle. He pre-empted an ambush by John Lorne in 1309, then won back the Royal burgh of Roxburgh for Scotland in 1314.
At Bannockburn he was knighted. By 1327 he was known by the English as ’Black Douglas’ after continuing raids across the border. It was Robert the Bruce’s dying wish that his heart be buried in the Holy Lands and it was the Good Sir James who endeavoured to fulfil this in 1330, the year after his death.
He died however whilst fighting the Moors at Teba de Andales in Spain, and is remembered there as ‘El Grand Duglas’.
Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk (1771-1820)
Recognising the inevitability and possibly the scale of the clearances, Selkirk drew up plans to study and easy the difficulties facing emigrants in their new settlements. He led eight hundred emigrants to Prince Edward Island and successful settlements in 1803.
The following year he tried a further project at Baldoon on Lake St Clair, although with difficulties. Without Government support he bought land and established the Red River colony of Winnipeg. Immigrants came to Fort Douglas from Ireland, Sutherland and Orkney, much to the displeasure of the North West Company’s trappers, who attacked the colonists in 1815 and 1816.
Selkirk lost a great deal of money taking the company through the courts and died soon afterwards. The colony however lived on.
David Douglas (1799-1834)
Leaving school at aged ten to become a gardener’s apprentice at Scone Palace, Douglas had become under gardener at Glasgow’s Botanic Gardens by 1820. Through William Hooker’s influence, he found himself due to set off for China as part of a plant-hunting expedition with the Horticultural Society of London. The trip was cancelled and Douglas instead found himself in 1821 on the first of a number of trips across North America.
It was during his third expedition he gave his name to the Douglas fir. In 1834 during a stopover at Hawaii’s Sandwich Islands he fell into a cattle trap in the forest floor already occupied by a trapped bull and was gored and stamped to death.
Clan Douglas Places
The following list of places are associated with Clan Douglas, either historically, or currently.
- Aberdour Castle, Fife, held by the Earls of Morton (partially preserved).
- Balvenie Castle, Moray, held by James Douglas, 7th Earl of Douglas (ruined).
- Berwick Castle, Northumberland. Governed by William “le Hardi”.(ruined, now forms part of Berwick-upon-Tweed railway station)
- Bonkyll Castle (Bunkle), Berwickshire.
- Bothwell Castle, South Lanarkshire (ruins).
- Bowhill House, Selkirkshire. Home of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry (preserved).
- Cranshaws Castle.
- Dalkeith Castle, Midlothian. (heavily converted)
- Douglas Castle, in South Lanarkshire (now only minimal ruins remain).
- Drumlanrig Castle, Dumfries and Galloway. 17th century mansion house of the Dukes of Buccleuch and Queensberry (preserved).
- Grangemuir House, Fife.
- Hawthornden Castle, Midlothian.
- Hermitage Castle, Roxburghshire, 13th century Douglas stronghold (restored ruin) - pictured top.
- Hume Castle, Berwickshire. ancient links with Douglas, home of Sir Alexander Douglas.
- Kilspindie Castle, East Lothian. Home to the Douglases of Kilspindie, (scant ruins)
- Lennoxlove House, East Lothian. Home of the Duke of Hamilton, (also the Marquess of Douglas and Clydesdale, Earl of Angus etc.) (preserved).
- Loch Leven Castle, Kinross. First home of the Earl of Morton (ruins).
- Lochindorb Castle, Strathspey
- Morton Castle, Nithsdale, Dumfries and Galloway. ruined former home of the Douglas Earls of Morton.
- Newark Castle, Selkirkshire.
- Neidpath Castle, Peeblesshire.
- Ormond Castle, Black Isle.
- Roxburgh Castle, captured by Sir James Douglas.
- Sandilands Castle, Fife (ruins).
- Strathaven Castle, South Lanarkshire
- Strathendry Castle, Fife.
- Tantallon Castle, East Lothian. Stronghold of the Red Douglases (partially ruined).
- Threave Castle, Dumfries and Galloway (ruins).
- Timpendean Tower, Roxburghshire (ruins).
- Whittingehame Tower, East Lothian.